The Board of Commissioners of Pilots (the "Board") is a public agency, created by the New York State Legislature, Chapter 467, Laws of 1853, as amended to provide for the the competitive selection, training, licensing and regulation of State pilots who navigate oceangoing vessels which operate on New York State waters and waters of concurrent jurisdiction in Connecticut and New Jersey.  The States, under authority granted by the Congress, have exercised authority to control the piloting of vessels along their waterways, including coastal waterways within the territorial limits of the States, since before the federal constitution was adopted.  Federal Law and Regulation (46USC 8501(A)), provides that "pilots in the bays, rivers, Harbors, and ports of the United States shall be regulated only in conformity with the laws of the States," and that "the States have authority over the Pilotage of all American vessels sailing under register, that is, engaged in foreign trade, and all foreign flag vessels" (Interport Pilots Agency Inc. v. Board 14 F2d at 136)